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PRINCIPLES OF PREVENTION AND TREATMENT  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:45:22

Prevention and treatment of disease are two principles that must be followed in TCM work. Both of them are important components of the theoretical system of TCM.图片点击可在新窗口打开查看

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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:47:02

I. Prevention

 

By prevention is meant taking certain measures to avoid the occurrence and progress of diseases. TCM has always attached great importance to prevention. As early as in Huangdi's Classic on Medicine, the preventive thought of "preventive treatment of diseases" was advanced. This theory involves two aspects: preventive treatment before the occurrence of diseases and preventing deterioration after the occurrence of diseases. Basic Questions states:" Wise men always give the preventive treatment before a disease occurs and prevent a disturbance before it starts…. Not taking medicine until a disease comes on or not preventing a disturbance until it starts is no different from not digging a well until one is thirsty or not making weapons until a battle starts. Isn't that be too late?" After liberation, our government put forward "put prevention first". It is one of the four great policies of the medical and health work of China. And it is also a principle of preventing the occurrence and the progression of a disease in TCM.


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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:48:16

1. Preventive Treatment of Disease

 

It refers to taking various measures to prevent diseases from occurring. The occurrence of a disease is related to both pathogenic factors and vital qi. The former is the important condition for the occurrence of a disease, which the deficiency of the latter is the intrinsic factor for the occurrence of a disease. Therefore, preventive treatment of a disease must start with both strengthening the resistance inside the body and preventing pathogens from invading the human body. Basic Questions States:" The body with vital qi is never attacked by pathogenic factors." To prevent the disease from occurring the following preventive measures mucs be taken.


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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:49:08

(1)Streagthening Vital Qi's Capacity to Resist Pathogens

 

a. Regulating Mental Activities to Maintain the Health

b. Keeping regular hours

c. Doing regular physical exercises

d. Using drug prophylaxis and providing artificial immunization


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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:49:53

(2) Defending the body against pathogens

 

a. Keeping away from six exogenous pathogens and pestilence

b. Avoiding various infectious diseases and trauma

c. Developing hygienic habits and preventing environmental pollution, as well as water and food contamination


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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:50:18

2. Preventing the deterioration of disease    

 

Though prevention prior to the occurrence of a disease is the best policy, timely diagnosis and effective treatment to control the deterioration of disease is also important. Therefore, once a disease occurs, it should be early treated so as to cure it in its initial stage. Ye Tianshi, a famous practitioner of the Qing Dynasty, advised:" Be sure to treat the parts which the pathogens have not involved yet." This is also an important method of preventing the disease from further deteriorating.


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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:52:01

II. Principles of Treatment

 

To study TCM treatment, attention should be paid to the therapeutic principles which must be followed in the treatment of disease. They are formed under the guidance of holistic concept and TDS, and they have the guiding significance for establishment of the therapeutic principles and prescriptions of a recipe. Therapeutic principles differ from therapeutic methods. The former refer to the general principles for guiding therapeutic methods, while the latter are the concrete methods of treatment under the guide of the therapeutic principles. There are different kinds of therapeutic principles in TCM. For example, treatment aiming at the primary cause of a disease, strengthening vital qi and eliminating pathogenic factors, readjusting yin and yang, regulating the zangfu's functions, regulating qi-blood and treatment in accordance with the three factors( Climate, locality and individual).


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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:52:28

1. Treatment Aiming at the Root Cause of a Disease   

 

    By treatment aiming at the root cause of a disease is meant treating a disease on the basis of its root cause. It is not until the fundamental cause of a disease is found out that it is possible to get to the essence of the problem and to make a proper treatment. Basic Questions points out, " In treating search for the its root cause of a disease of a disease in treatment. " When treatment aiming at the root cause of a disease is used clinically, routine treatment or contrary treatment and treating the primary (ben) and or treating the secondary (biao ) must be dealt with correctly.


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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:52:54

Routine treatment includes the following methods: treating cold syndrome with hot natured drug, treating heat syndrome with cold natured drug, treating deficiency syndrome by replenishment, treating excess syndrome by purgation, etc.Contrary treatment has the following methods: treating pseudo-heat syndrome with hot-natured drugs, treating pseudo-cold syndrome with cold-natured drugs, treating obstruction-syndrome with tonification and treating diarrhea with purgation.

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  发贴心情 Post By:2008-11-17 15:53:11

Treatment of the primary and the secondary includes the following methods: treating the secondary for emergency, treating the primary for chronic cases and treating both the primary and the secondary aspects.

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