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标题:[转帖]英语医学论文写作的时态和语态

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Samuel 发表于:2008-11-26 19:32:30

任何文章的写作都有动词时态和语态问题需要考虑,医学论文中涉及前人做的工作和自己的工作两部分,那么如何把握行文中的时态和语态,是论文写作中的一个实际问题。作者看到许多英语论文作者在写作中出现这样或那样的文字失误,其中之一就是对动词时态和语态的运用。动词时态和语态运用失当,可能使人产生误解或者使人感到困惑不知作者所云。个人在初学英语论文写作时,也曾一度对此感到困惑,把握不准何时用现在式、何时用过去式或完成式?后来才逐渐明确其基本原则。

1. 叙述或引用前人发表的论文或工作

对于他人已经发表的报道,论文中对这部分报道加以讨论时用现在式,如只是引用前人报道的材料,因为已经发表,可用过去式。

例1.This behaior appears to be induced by some other stimulus either chemical or physical.

例2.In the 422 patients treated by Jacobson et al, the oerall mortality in grade I~ was 16.6%, while in grade I~II patients was 3.1%. Roux performed emergency surgery in grade patients with a mortality of 52%.

2. 介绍自己的工作结果

介绍自己的工作结果时,因为还没有发表成文,所以用过去式. 但是就自己的结果发表看法或观点时,改用现在式(涉及今后时可用将来式)。例2中包含了这几种时态。

例1.The behaior appeared to be induced by some other stimulus either chemical or physical.

例2.In our 465 patients, the mortality in grade I~II patients was 0.7%, grade III 4.9%, and grade I 12.5%. It is eident that a flexible indiidualized strategy of surgery will greatly improe the outcome of treatment.

3. 工作的归因

讨论某项研究工作归于某人的成功时,兼用过去式(已经做完的工作)和现在式(研究工作现在已经建立或在做着或仍然是事实, 早已经做完并且对现在仍有现实意义时可用现在完成式,如涉及到将来则用将来式)。

例1.Fleming reported that penicillin produces Penicillinum notatum.

例2.[原句] The work that is represented in this book written by Fulton is a aluable contribution to physiology and will undoubtedly be widely used as a reference source.

[修改] The book written by Fulton, a aluable contribution to physiology, will undoubtedly, be widely used as a reference source .

[原句] There are many eidence hae been accumulated about inhaling tobacco smoke as an influence on lungs to do harm.

[修改] Many eidence hae been accumulated about inhaling tobacco smoke as an influence on lungs to do harm.

4. 统计分析

统计分析研究数据时用现在式,引用他人已经发表过的统计材料时用过去式。

例1.The 8.3% difference in mortality rate does not match the anticipated results. Treatment 2 had the highest mortality rate, but we had not expected treatment 1 or Treatment 3 mortality rate to be as high as they were.

5. 全文中时态的变动
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